100 Thành ngữ Tiếng Anh thông dụng quan trọng cần học

Bài viết thuộc phần 149 trong serie 165 bài viết về Tài liệu Tiếng Anh lớp 12

Bài viết tổng hợp các thành ngữ Tiếng Anh được thông dụng thường gặp, phù hợp cho các bạn học sinh đang ôn thi THPT Quốc Gia (Đại Học), phần khá khó do không có nghĩa rõ ràng buộc bạn phải học thuộc. bảng thành ngữ có đầu đủ nghĩa tiếng việt, tiếng anh có kèm theo ví dụ mình họa để bạn dễ học thuộc hơn, chinh phục câu hỏi về thành ngữ trong đề thi đại học.

Thành ngữ được cấu tạo bằng nhiều từ khác nhau tạo thành một câu nhưng không mang nghĩa đen của nó. Idiom được người bản ngữ sử dụng rất nhiều trong văn nói và viết, vì vậy hiểu được ý nghĩa của Idiom sẽ giúp các bạn sử dụng Tiếng Anh hiệu quả hơn rất nhiều.

Bảng thành ngữ Tiếng Anh

IdiomsMeaningExamples
rainning cats and dograin heavily: Mưa tầm tã, Mưa nặng hạtIt’s raining cats and dogs = It’s raining heavily
chalk and cheesevery different from each other: Khác biệtI don’t have anything in common with my brother. We’re like chalk and cheese.
here and thereeverywhereI have been looking here and there for the gift I bought for my girlfriend
a hot potatosomething that is difficult ordangerous to deal with (vấn đề nan giải, nóng hổi)The abortion issue is a political hot potatoin the US.
at the drop of a hatimmediately, instantly    (Ngay lập tức)If you need me, just call me. I can come at the drop of a hat.
back to the drawing boardtime to start from the beginning; it is time to to
plan something over again (bắt đầu lại)
My plans to create a tiny car made of glasses were unsuccessful, so I guess it’s back to the drawing board for me.
beat about the bushavoiding the main topic, not speaking directly about the issue (nói vòng vo, lạc đề) Stop beating about the bush and answer my question.
best thing since sliced breada good invention or innovation, a good idea or
plan (ý tưởng hay, tốt)
Portable phones are marketed as the best thing since sliced bread; people think they are extremely good.
burn the midnight oilto stay up working, especially studying late at night (thức khuya làm việc, học bài)I will have a big exam tomorrow so I’ll be burning the midnight oil tonight.
caught between two stools when someone finds it difficult to choose between two alternatives (lưỡng lự, không biết lựa chọn cái nào, do dự)I was caught between two stools when I hadto choose which shirt to hang out with my girlfriends.
break a leggood luck! ( thường dùng để chúc may mắn ) I have heard that you’r gonna take a test tomorrow, break a leg, my friend!
hit the booksto study (học) I can’t go out tonight. I’ve got to hit the books. I’m having an exam tomorrow.
let the cat out of the bagto reveal a secret or a surprise by accident ( để lộ bí mật)It’s a secret. Try not to let the cat out of the bag.
when pigs flysomething will never happen (chuyện viễn vông, không tưởng)I think he’ll pay you back your money – when pigs fly
scratch someone’s backhelp someone out with the assumption that they
will return the favor in the future (giúp đỡ người khác với hy vọng họ sẽ giúp lại mình)
“You scratch my back and I will scratch yours later,” the customer said when we talked about the new sales contact.
hit the nail on the headdo or say something exactly right (nói chính xác,làm chính xác)Mike hit the nail on the head when he said most people can use a computer without knowing how it works.
take sb/sth for grantedcoi nhẹOne of the problems with relationships is that after a while you begin to take each other for granted!!
take sth into account/consideration to remember to consider
something (tính đến cái gì, xem xét việc gì)
We will take your long year of service into account when we make our final decision.
put sb/sth at somebody’s disposalto make someone or
something available to someone (có sẵn theo ý muốn của ai)
I’d be glad to help you if you need me. I put myself at your disposal.
splitting headache a severe headache (đau đầu như búa bổ) I’ve got a splitting headache. I’m going upstairs for a nap.
on the housekhông phải trả tiềnI went to a restaurant last night. I was the ten thousandth customer, so my dinner was on the house.
off the pegmay sẵn (quần áo)If I buy trousers off the peg, they’re always too short.
 hit the roof = go through the roof = hit the ceilingto suddenly become angry (giận dữ) I’m afraid he will hit the roof when he finds out our vacation is canceled
bring  the house down làm cho cả khán phòng vỗ tay nhiệt liệtG-Dragon brought the house down. He really brought down the house with his fantastic song
pay through the noseto pay too much for something (trả giá quá đắt)If you want a decent wine in a restaurant , you to have to pay through the nose for it.
by the skin of someone’s teeth sát sao, rất sát I got through calculus math by the skin of my teeth.
pull someone’s legchọc aiYou don’t mean that. You’re just pulling my leg.
it strike someone as/that a strangelấy làm lạ It strikes as a strange to me that he failed the exam because he is so smart and diligent a student.
high and low = here and thereeverywhereI have been searching high and low for the gift I bought for my girlfriend.
the more, the merriercàng đông càng vuiCan I bring some friends with me?

Ø Yeah sure, the more, the merrier.

spick and spanngăn nắp, gọn gàngThe kitchen was spick and span as ever, every surface wiped down and everything in its place.
every now and then sometimesEvery now and then, I want to be alone.
part and parcel integral, crucial (quan trọng,thiết yếu)Being recognised in the street is all part and parcel of being famous.
go to someone’s head khiến ai kiêu ngạoToo much success will go to her head.
once in a blue moonrất hiếm (rare)Once in a blue moon, I stop thinking about her. If only she knew how much I loved her.
few and far betweenrare (hiếm gặp)Go and tell her that you love her! That kind of girl is really few and far between
be on the wagonkiêng rượuBob’s old drinking buddies complained that he was no fun when he went on the wagon
on the spotimmediately (ngay lập tức)I will be there on the spot.
on the verge of = on the brink of = in the edgebên bờ vực We have to protect elephants. They are on the verge of extinction.
led someone by the noseto control someone and make them do exactly what you want them to do (nắm đầu, dắt mũi ai)They simply didn’t know what they were doing and they were led by the nose by a manipulative government
at the eleventh hourvào phút chótShe always turned her term paper in at the eleventh hour.
find fault withchỉ trích, kiếm chuyện, bắt lỗi It is very easy to find fault with the work others.
 off and on/ on and offkhông đều đặn, thỉnh thoảngWe don’t often go there- just off and on.
make believegiả bộ, giả vờI tried to make believe she was happy, but knew deep down it was not true.
make good timedi chuyển nhanh, đi nhanhWe made good time and were at the hotel by lunch time.
 look daggers at someonegiận giữ nhìn ai đóTheir relationship is not free and easy but at least he is no longer looking daggers at her.
be out of the question không thể đượcYou cannot get married until you are 18, it’s out of the question.
all at oncesuddenly: bất thình lìnhAll at once, there was a loud banging on the door.
blow someone’s trumpetbốc phét, khoác lácAnyone will tell you she’s one of the best journalist we’ve got, although she’d never blow her trumpet.
sleep on itsuy nghĩ thêm về điều gì đóYou don’t have to give me your decision now. Sleep on it, and let me know tomorrow.
fight tooth and claw/nailđánh nhau dữ dội, cấu xé nhauWe fought tooth and claw to retain our share of business.
play tricks/jokes onchọc phá, trêu ghẹo, chơi khămThe kids are always play jokes on their teachers
down the drainđổ sông đổ biển (công sức, tiền bạc)It’s just money down the drain.
smell a rathoài nghi, linh cảm chuyện không ổnThe minute I came in, I smelled a rat.
the last strawgiọt nước tràn lyWhen she showed up late a third time, that was the last straw. We had to fire her.
get the hang of somethingnắm bắt được, sử dụng đượcI’ll teach you how to use the design program – you’ll get the hang of it after a while
hard of hearinglãng tai, nặng taiTom is hard of hearing. Therefore, we have to speak loudly so that he can hear us.
keep an eye oncoi chừng, ngó chừngPlease keep an eye on my baby while I’m out for a while.
have a bee in one’s bonnet (about something)đặt nặng chuyện gì, chấp nhất chuyện gìShe has a bee in her bonnet about going to America.
get/have cold feetmất hết can đảm, chùn bướcI’m worried my members in this page may be getting cold feet about the university entrance exam. Therefore, I will try my best to help them overcome this severe exam.
on second thoughtssuy nghĩ kĩOn second thoughts, it was a dumb movie.
 in vainvô íchGovernment agents tried in vain kidnap him.
chip inquyên góp, góp tiềnIf everyone chips in, we will be able to buy her a nice present.
off someone’s headđiên, loạn tríThe old man has been off his head for at least a year.
run an errandlàm việc vặtI’ve got to run an errand. I’ll be back in a minute.
jump the traffic lightsvượt đèn đỏThey ignore people who jumps the traffic lights.
fly off the handledễ nổi giận, phát cáuNo one will fly off the handle for no reason.
the apple of someone’s eyesđồ quý giá của aiYou are the apple of my eyes
bucket downmưa xối xả, mưa toIt’s been bucketing down all day.
close shave = narrow escapethoát chết trong gang tấcPhew, that was a close shave. I was so lucky.
drop a bricklỡ lời, lỡ miệngI dropped a brick when talking with my best friend, and now she doesn’t want to talk to me.
get butterflies in someone’s stomach cảm thấy bồn chồnI always get butterflies in my stomach when it comes to taking test
off the recordkhông chính thức, không được công bốWhat the president said is not to be printed. It’s off the record
someone’s cup of teathứ mà ta thíchSNSD is my cup of tea. They are so beautiful and talented. Especially Seohyun, she looks so cute
cut it fineđến sát giờOnly allowing half an hour to get from the station to the airport is cutting it fine, isn’t it?
 golden handshakemón tiền hậu hĩnh dành cho người sắp nghỉ việcThe manager got early retirement and a 600,000$ golden handshake when the company was restructed.
put on an actgiả bộ, làm bộ We’ve known you are a good swimmer – stop putting on an act.
come to lightđược biết đến, được phát hiện, được đưa ra ánh sáng.Four soldiers have faced charges since the scandal came to light last fall
take things to piecestháo ra từng mảnhMen like to take things to pieces and putthem together.
put someone’s foot in itgây nhầm lẫn, bối rối, phạm một sai lầm gây bối rối I really put my foot in it when I asked her about her job. I didn’t know she’d just been fired.
pull someone’s weightnỗ lực, làm tròn trách nhiệmThe rest of the team complained that Sarah wasn’t pulling her weight.
make ends meetxoay sở để kiếm sốngI have to work at two jobs to make ends meet.
get the hold of the wrong end of the stickhiểu nhầm ai đóI think I must explain to her that she got hold of the wrong end of the stick again.
cut and driedcuối cùng, không thể thay đổi, rõ ràng, dễ hiểuAlthough a deal has been agreed, it is not yet cut and dried
stay/keep on someone’s toecảnh giác, thận trọngWe had better keep on our toes while we’re walking along the dark portions of this street.
see eye to eye đồng tìnhI’m glad that they see eye to eye on the matter of the conference location.
have in mindđang suy tính, cân nhắcI don’t want to see a movie now, I have in mind going to the park.
a lost causehết hy vọng, không thay đổi được gìIt seems that Charles will give it up. I suppose he is a lost cause.
to be bound to chắc chắnYou’re bound to be late if you don’t hurry.
at heartthực chất, cơ bản (basically, fundamentally)James sometimes seems quite unfriendly but at heart he’s a good person.
to know by sightnhận ra (recognize)The woman said that she would know the thief by sight if she ever saw him again.
now and then = now and again = at times = from time to time = off and on = once in a while = every so oftenthỉnh thoảng, không thường xuyênJosh does stop by the store every now and then, but I haven’t seen him lately.
to take painslàm việc cẩn thận và tận tâmShe takes pains to do everything well.
to make doxoay sở, đương đầu (to manage, to cope)During difficult economic times, many people have to make do with less.
on probationtrong thời gian quản chếWhile Anne was on probation, she reported to the police regularly
face the musicchịu trậnMary broke a dining-room window and had to face the music when her father got home
sell/go like hot cakes bán đắt như tôm tươiThe book has only just been published andcopies are already selling like hot cakes in both Britain and America.
it never rains but it poursgood or bad things do not just happen a few at atime, but in large numbers all at once (họa vô đơn chí)First of all it was the car breaking down, then the fire in the kitchen and now Mike’s accident. It never rains but it pours!
salt and peppermàu tóc hoa râmHe has a salt and pepper beard.
down and outthất cơ lỡ vậnTrue friends always stand by you when you’re down and out.

 

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100 Thành ngữ Tiếng Anh thông dụng quan trọng cần học
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