12 Đề thi thử Tiếng Anh năm 2018 đánh giá năng lực có đáp án giải thích chi tiết – cô Mai Phương

Bài viết thuộc phần 53 trong serie 114 bài viết về Đề thi thử Tiếng Anh THPT Quốc Gia năm 2018

 

Cập nhật đề thi thử Tiếng Anh năm 2018, Thích Tiếng Anh chia sẻ bộ “12 Đề thi thử Tiếng Anh năm 2018 đánh giá năng lực có đáp án giải thích chi tiết – cô Mai Phương” tất cả đề thi đều có đáp án kèm giải thích chi tiết giúp bạn ôn tập lại kiến thức có trong đề thi.

Tham khảo:

Nên học:

Trích:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 1:   A.    subscribed            B. launched                  C.   inspired                D. welcomed

Question 2:   A.    sour                     B. hour                        C.   pour                     D. flour

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 3:   A.    conserve               B. achieve                    C.   employ                 D. waver

Question 4:   A.    perseverance        B. application               C.   agriculture            D. dedication

Mark the letter A, B C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 5: It is (A) recommended that (B) people (C) to take regular (D) exercise.

Question 6: (A) More than ten students (B) have failed the exam, (C) that surprised (D) the class teacher. Question 7: The world is becoming more (A) industrialized and the number of animal (B) species that have become (C) extinct (D) have increased.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 8: He is exhausted. He_______ around the whole afternoon trying to clean the house before the

guests arrive.

  1. has been running has run C. be running                     D. was running

Question 9: Barack Obama is_______ President of______ United States.

  1. the/ the B. a/ 0C. the/ 0                              D. the/ an

Question 10: John would like to specialize_______ computer science.

  1. of B. to C. in                             D. at

Question 11:_______ he arrived at the bus stop when the bus came.

  1. Hardly had    No sooner had     C.   No longer has      D. Not until had

Question 12: Many young people in rural areas don’t want to spend their lives on the farm like their_______

parents. So they leave their home villages to find well-paid jobs in the fast-growing industrial zones.

  1. long-term    up-to-date           C.   weather-beaten    D. wide-ranging

Question 13: If she had known how awful this job was going to be, she________ it.

  1. would accept wouldn’t accept C. wouldn’t have accepted D. would have accepted Question 14: John asked me_______ that film the night before.
  2. that I saw    had I seen            C.   if I had seen           D. if had I seen

Question 15: Remember    that things such as language, food and           clothing are simply expressions of our cultural

  1. solidarity     identity                 C.    assimilation         D.   celebration

Question 16: Waste paper can be used again after being_______ .

  1. produced     recycled                C.    wasted                  D.   preserved

Question 17: – “Your parents must be proud of your results at school”. – “______ ”

  1. Sorry to hear that B. Thanks. It’s certainly encouraging
  2. Of course D. I am glad you like it.

Question 18: The government is aiming______ 50 % reduction________ unemployment.

  1. to/in B. at/in                      C.    at/of                     D.   for/of

Question 19: No one enjoys_______ in public.

  1. being made fun of B. to be made fun of
  2. making fun of D. to make fun of

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following questions.

Question 20: John was in Hanoi and wanted to send a parcel to his parents. He asked a local passer-by the way to the post-office. Choose the most suitable response to fill in the blank in the following exchange.

  • John: “Can you show me the way to the nearest post office, please?”
  • Passer-by: “_____ ”
  1. Not way, sorry. B. Just round the corner over there.
  2. Look it up in a dictionary! D. There’s no traffic near here.

Question 21: Lora has just bought a new skirt that she likes very much. Choose the most suitable response to fill in the blank in the following exchange.

  • Jane: “You look great in that red skirt, Lora!”
  • Lora: “ ”
  1. No, I don’t think so. B. Oh, you don’t like it, do you?
  2. Thanks, I bought it at Macy’s. D. Thanks, my mum bought it.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 22: I’m becoming increasingly absent-minded. Last week, I locked myself out of my house twice.

  1. being considerate of things B. remembering to do right things
  2. forgetful of one’s past D. often forgetting things

Question 23: Sports and festivals form an integral part of every human society.

  1. Informative B. delighted C. exciting D. essential

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 24: Although it’s a long day for us, we feel we are contented with what we do.

  1. interested B. dissatisfied C. excited                   D. shocked

Question 25: I can’t stand people who treat animals cruelly.

  1. gently B. cleverly C. reasonably              D. brutally

Mark the letter A, B C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 26: However old and worn his clothes were, they look clean and of good quality.

  1. His clothes looked clean and of good quality but they were old and worn.
  2. His clothes, though old and worn, looked clean and of good quality.
  3. He was fond of wearing such old and worn clothes because they were of good quality.
  4. No matter what good quality his clothes had, they looked old and worn.

Question 27: In spite of his poverty, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause.

  1. He could not devote his life to the revolutionary cause because of his poverty.
  2. If he had not been so poor, he could have devoted his life to the revolutionary cause.
  3. Poor as he was, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause.
  4. He led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause, but he was so poor.

Question 28: I thought I should not stay at home yesterday.

  1. I regretted staying at home yesterday. B. I regretted for staying at home yesterday.
  2. I regret for staying at home yesterday. D. I regret to stay at home yesterday.

Mark the letter A, B C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions

Question 29: People should not throw rubbish in the park. People should not cut down the trees in the park.

  1. People should either throw rubbish in the park or cut down the trees in the park.
  2. People should neither throw rubbish nor cut down the trees in the park.
  3. People should either throw rubbish nor cut down the trees in the park.
  4. People should neither throw rubbish or cut down the trees in the park

Question 30: Most of the classmates couldn’t come. He invited them to the birthday party.

  1. Most of the classmates he invited to the birthday party couldn’t come.
  2. Most of the classmates he was invited to the birthday party couldn’t come.
  3. Most of the classmates that he invited them to the birthday party couldn’t come.
  4. Most of the classmates which he invited to the birthday party couldn’t come.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31to 35.

In Germany, it’s important to be serious in a work situation. They don’t mix work and play so you

shouldn’t make jokes (31) ________  you do in the UK and USA when you first meet people. They

work in a very organized way and prefer to do one thing at a time. They don’t like- interruptions or

(32)_______ changes of schedule. Punctuality is very important so you should arrive on time for

appointments. At meeting, it’s important to follow the agenda and not interrupt (33) ________ speaker. If you

give a presentation, you should focus (34) _______  facts and technical information and the quality of your

company’s products. You should also prepare well, as they may ask a lot of questions. Colleagues normally use

the family names, and title – for example ‘Doctor’ or ‘Professor’, so you shouldn’t use first names (35) ________________________________________________________________________________________

a person asks you to.

Question 31:A. whileB. as ifC. such asD. as
Question 32:A. suddenB. suddenlyC. abruptlyD. promptly
Question 33:A. otherB. othersC. anotherD. the other
Question 34:A. onB. toC. atD. in
Question 35:A. if onlyB. asC. unlessD. since

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

For many people who live in cities, parks are an important part of the landscape. They provide a place for people to relax and play sports, as well as a refuge from the often harsh environment of a city. What people often overlook is that parks also provide considerable environmental benefits.

One benefit of parks is that plants absorb carbon dioxide—a key pollutant—and emit oxygen, which humans need to breathe. According to one study, an acre of trees can absorb the same amount of carbon dioxide that a typical car emits in 11,000 miles of driving. Parks also make cities cooler. Scientists have long noted what is called the Urban Heat Island Effect: building materials such as metal, concrete, and asphalt absorb much more of the sun’s heat and release it much more quickly than organic surfaces like trees and grass. Because city landscapes contain so much of these building materials, cities are usually warmer than surrounding rural areas. Parks and other green spaces help to mitigate the Urban Heat Island Effect.

Unfortunately, many cities cannot easily create more parks because most land is already being used for buildings, roads, parking lots, and other essential parts of the urban environment. However, cities could benefit from many of the positive effects of parks by encouraging citizens to create another type of green space: rooftop gardens. While most people would not think of starting a garden on their roof, human beings have been planting gardens on rooftops for thousands of years. Some rooftop gardens are very complex and require complicated engineering, but others are simple container gardens that anyone can create with the investment of a few hundred dollars and a few hours of work.

Rooftop gardens provide many of the same benefits as other urban park and garden spaces, but without taking up the much-needed land. Like parks, rooftop gardens help to replace carbon dioxide in the air with nourishing oxygen. They also help to lessen the Urban Heat Island Effect, which can save people money.

In the summer, rooftop gardens prevent buildings from absorbing heat from the sun, which can significantly reduce cooling bills. In the winter, gardens help hold in the heat that materials like brick and concrete radiate so quickly, leading to savings on heating bills. Rooftop vegetable and herb gardens can also provide fresh food for city dwellers, saving them money and making their diets healthier. Rooftop gardens are not only something everyone can enjoy, they are also a smart environmental investment.

Question 36: Based on its use in paragraph 2, it can be inferred that mitigate belongs to which of the following word groups?

  1. exacerbate, aggravate, intensify B. obliterate, destroy, annihilate
  2. allay, alleviate, reduce D. absorb, intake, consume

Question 37: Using the information in paragraph 2 as a guide, it can be inferred that_______ .

  1. cities with rooftop gardens are cooler than those without rooftop gardens
  2. some plants are not suitable for growth in rooftop gardens
  3. most people prefer parks to rooftop gardens
  4. most people prefer life in the country over life in the city

Question 38: Based on the information in paragraph 3, which of the following best describes the main difference between parks and rooftop gardens?

  1. Parks are expensive to create while rooftop gardens are not.
  2. Parks are public while rooftop gardens are private.
  3. Parks absorb heat while rooftop gardens do not.
  4. Parks require much space while rooftop gardens do not.

Question 39: The author claims all of the following to be the benefits of rooftop gardens except ______

  1. increased space for private relaxation B. savings on heating and cooling costs C. better food for city dwellers D. improved air quality

Question 40: According to the author, one advantage that rooftop gardens have over parks is that they

  1. decrease the Urban Heat Island Effect B. replenish the air with nourishing oxygen
  2. do not require the use of valuable urban land D. are less expensive than traditional park spaces

Question 41: The author’s tone in the passage is best described as________

  1. descriptive B. passionate C. informative D. argumentative

Question 42: It can be inferred from the passage that the author would most likely endorse a program that

  1. permitted the construction of buildings in city park land provided they have rooftop gardens
  2. extended discounts on plants to customers who use them to create rooftop gardens
  3. offered free admission to schools willing to take their students on field trips to the city park
  4. promised vacation getaways to cooler destinations for those trapped in the city at the peak of summer

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

One of the most interesting authors of the twentieth century, J.R.R Tolkien, achieved fame through his highly inventive trilogy, The Lord of the Rings. Born in 1892, Tolkien received his education from Oxford and then served in World War I. After the war, he became a professor of Anglo -Saxon and English language and literature at Oxford University.

Although published in 1965, the three books that comprise the Lord of the Rings were written in intervals from 1936 to 1949. This was mainly due to Tolkien’s responsibilities as a professor and the outbreak of World War II. By the late 1960s, this fascinating trilogy had become a sociological phenomenon as young people intently studied the mythology and legends created by Tolkien.

The trilogy is remarkable not only for its highly developed account of historical fiction but also its success as a modern heroic epic. The main plot describes the struggle between good and evil kingdom as they try to acquire a magic ring that has the power to rule the world. The novels, which are set in a time called Middle Earth, describe a detailed fantasy world. Established before humans populated the Earth, Middle Earth was inhabited by good and evil creatures such as hobbits, elves, monsters, wizards, and some humans. The characters and the setting of Middle Earth were modeled after mythological stories from Greece and Northern Europe.

Although readers have scrutinized the texts for inner meaning and have tried to connect the trilogy with Tolkien’s real life experiences in England during World War II, he denied the connection. He claims that the story began in his years as an undergraduate student and grew out of his desire to create mythology and legends about elves and their language.

Tolkien was a masterful fantasy novelist who used his extensive knowledge of folklore to create a body of work that is still read and enjoyed throughout the world today.

Question 43: What can we assume is NOT true about Middle Earth?

  1. Middle Earth was based on European folktales B. Middle Earth was a fictional world
  2. The good and evil kingdom fought for the power D. People dominated Middle Earth

Question 44: The word “scrutinized” in the fourth paragraph could be replaced by_______ .

  1. examined B. denied C. enjoyed D. criticized

Question 45: What does this paragraph mainly discuss?

  1. J.R.R Tolkien’s work as a professor B. All of J.R.R Tolkien’s fantasy books
  2. J.R.R Tolkien and his trilogy D. The popularity of J.R.R Tolkien

Question 46: According to the passage, when did “the Lord of the Rings” trilogy become popular with young people?

  1. In the late 1960s B. After World War II
  2. In 1892 D. Between 1936 and 1946

Question 47: When did Tolkien begin to create this trilogy?

  1. When he was a student B. During World War I
  2. When he was a professor D. During World War II

Question 48: What does the word “trilogy” in the first paragraph mean?

  1. A specific type of fantasy novel B. A long novel
  2. A group of three literary books D. An unrelated group of books

Question 49: What is the setting of Tolkien’s trilogy?

  1. Modern – day Greece B. England in the 1800’s
  2. Oxford University D. Middle Earth

Question 50: The word “fascinating” in the second paragraph could be replaced by______ .

  1. thrilling B. extremely interesting C. boring D. terrifying
DAP AN

1.B2.C3.D4.C5.C6.C7.D8.A9.A10.C
11.A12.C13.C14.C15.B16.B17.B18.B19.A20.B
21.C22.D23.D24.B25.A26.B27.C28.A29.B30.A
31.D32.A33.D34.A35.C36.C37.A38.D39.A40.C
41.C42.B43.D44.A45.C46.A47.A48.C49.D50.B

 

  1. B

A./d/ B./t/ C./d/ D./d/

Duoi led/ duoc phat am la /t/ khi dong tu co phat am ket thuc la /s/,/f/,/p/,/J/,/t[/,/k/

Duoi led/ duoc phat am la lidl khi dong tu co phat am ket thuc la /t/ hay /d/

Duoi /ed/ duoc phat am la /d/ voi cac truong hop con lai

  1. C
  2. sour /sauo[r]/
  3. hour /’auo[r]/
  4. pour /po:/
  5. flour /’flauo[r]/
  6. D

Phan D trong am roi vao am tiet thu nhat, con lai la thu 2

conserve /kon’s3:v/

achieve /o’tjkv/

employ /im’ploi/

waver /’weivo[r]/

  1. C

Phan C trong am roi vao am tiet thu nhat, con lai la thu 3

perseverance /,p3:si’viorons/

application /,^pli’keijn/

agriculture /’^grikAltJorl/

dedication /dedi’keijn/

  1. C

Recommend (that) sb (should) do (dong tu nguyen the) st: de nghi, goi y ai do nen lam gi “to take” => “take”

Dich: No duoc de nghi rang moi nguoi nen tap the duc thuong xuyen

  1. C “that” => “which” “that” khi duoc su dung la menh de quan he khong bao gid dung dang sau dau phay

6 day phai dung which, which thay the cho ca ve cau pMa trudc

Dich: Han 10 hoc sinh truot ki thi, dieu nay lam giao vien chu nhiem ngac nhien

  1. D

“have” => “has”

The number of N (ke ca danh tu so it, danh tu so nhieu, danh tu khong dem duoc) deu duoc tinh la so it

Do do phai su dung has chu khong phai have

  1. A

Trong cau dang duoc su dung a thi hien tai, do do chi cO A hoac B la dung

Cau nay nhan manh vao hanh dong, vao su keo dai lien tiep cua hanh dong, do do su dung thi hien tai hoan thanh tiep dien hop ly han thi hien tai hoan thanh.

  1. A

Dung mao tu “the” trudc:

Trudc ten cua tap hop nhieu bang, nhieu nudc: the Asian , the United Nations, the United States

Trudc chuc vu chuc danh (Chu y, Obama is the President of the US, tuy nhien a trudng hop xung ten xung

danh, phai dung President Obama ch u khong dung The President Obama)

  1. C

Specialize in st: chuyen mon, chuyen nganh ve cai gi Dich: John muon chuyen mon hoa ve khoa hoc may tinh

  1. A

No sooner va No longer phia sau dung than chu khong dung when => B, C loai Bao ngu vdi Not until khong dao ngu ve dau ma chi dao ngu ve sau Bap an la A: dao ngu vdi Hardly

Hardly + had + S + dong tu phan tu II + when + menh de binh thudng a thi qua khu dan

  1. C

Weather-beaten: sam nang (da), day dan suang gio (y chi su vat va)

Dich: Nhieu ngudi tre a khu vuc nong thon khong muon danh cuoc song cua minh tren cac trang trai giong nhu cha me day dan suang gio. Vi vay, ho rdi khoi ngoi lang cua minh de tim cong an viec lam duoc tra luang cao trong cac khu cong nghiep dang phat trien nhanh.

  1. C

Cau dieu kien loai 3, the hien mot hanh dong da khong xay ra trong qua khu

Cau true: If + menh de a thi qua khu hoan thanh, S + would have done +…

Dich: Neu co ta biet eong viee nay se te the nao, co ta da khong chap nhan no

  1. C

6 cau nay, if khong co nghia la “neu” ma no dong nghia voi whether (lieu, co.. .khong)

Trong cau true tiep, ta lui mot thi, them nua co tu before => thi hien tai hoan thanh duoe lui thanh thi qua khu hoan thanh

Va a day la cau khang dinh, do do khong can phai dao tro dong tu len truoc ehu ngu.

Dap an C

Dich: John hoi lieu toi co phai da xem bo phim do truoc day khong.

  1. B

Cultural identity: ban sac van hoa, nhan dang van hoa

Dich: Hay nho rang nhung thu nhu ngon ngu, thue pham va quan ao la nhung bieu hien don gian eua ban sac van hoa cua ehung ta

  1. B

Recycle: tai che Produce: san xuat Waste: lang phi Preserve: bao quan

Dich: Giay bo di co the su dung lai truoc khi duoe tai che

  1. B

Dich:

  • Bo me ban chac han rat tu hao ve ket qua eua ban a truong (Day la mot loi khen)
  • Cam on. Dieu do kha la kMch le.
  1. B

“aim at st”: dat mue tieu ve eai gi

Reduce in st: giam (so luong) eai gi

Dich: Chinh phu dang dat mue tieu giam 50% that nghiep

  1. A

Enjoy + doing st: thieh thu lam gi => B va D loai

6 day de phu hop ve nghia phai dung bi dong ehu khong dung ehu dong Dich: Khong ai thieh bi lam tro cuoi truoc dam dong ca

  1. B Dich cau:

– Ban lam on co the chi cho toi cach den buu dien gan nhat khong?

  • Chi quanh quanh dau do khu vuc kia thoi
  1. C Dich cau:
  • Cau trong rat tuyet trong chiec vay mau do do, Lora.
  • Cam on, to mua no o Macy’s day.
  1. D

Absent-minded :dang tri, hay quen

Dong nghia la often forgetting things: thuong hay quen cac thu

Dich cau: Toi tro nen ngay cang dang tri. Tuan truoc, toi tu khoa ban than o ngoai nha 2 lan

  1. D

Integral: can thiet, quan trong

Dong nghia la essential: cot yeu, can thiet

Dich cau: The thao va le hoi hinh thanh mot phan thiet yeu trong xa hoi loai nguoi

  1. B

“ to be contented with st”: hai long, man nguyen voi cai gi Tu trai nghia la dissatisfied: khong hai long, khong thoa man

Dich cau: Mac du do la mot ngay dai doi voi chung toi, chung toi cam thay man nguyen voi nhung gi chung toi lam.

  1. A

“cruelly” (trang tu): mot cach ac doc, mot cach tan nhan

Tu trai nghia la gently: mot cach nhe nhang, mot cach diu dang

Dich cau: Toi khong the chiu duoc nhung nguoi doi xu voi dong vat tan nhan.

  1. B

However old and worn his clothes were, they look clean and of good quality.

Quan ao anh ta du cu va son the nao, nhung trong chung sach va chat luong tot = His clothes, though old and worn, looked clean and of good quality.

Quan ao anh ta, du cu va son, trong sach va chat luong tot

  1. C

In spite of his poverty, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause.

Mac du ngheo, ong dan dau mot cuoc song cong hien cho su nghiep cach mang.

= Poor as he was, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause.

Ngheo nhu vay, nhung ong dan dau mot cuoc song cong hien cho su nghiep cach mang.

  1. A

I thought I should not stay at home yesterday.

Toi nghi toi khong nen a nha hom qua = I regretted staying at home yesterday.

Toi hoi tiec da a nha hom qua Regret + Ving: hoi han, hoi tiec lam gi

  1. B

Can phan biet giua “either ..or” va “neither.. .nor”

Do do dap an C, D loai

“in the park” la trang tu chi dia diem chung cho 2 hanh dong, bai vay chi can nhac den mot lan.

Bap an la B: Chung ta khong nen vut rac hay chat cay trong cong vien

  1. A

Most of the classmates couldn’t come. He invited them to the birthday party.

Hau het cac ban cung lop khong the den. Cau ay da moi ho den tiec sinh nhat = Most of the classmates he invited to the birthday party couldn’t come.

Hau het cac ban cung lop cau ay da moi den tiec sinh nhat deu khong the den 6 day khuyet menh de quan he who, tuy nhien van dung ngu phap va nghia cua cau.

  1. D

As: nhu la…

While: trong khi As if: nhu the, nhu la.

Such as: vi du nhu..

Dich: Ho khong tron lan giua choi va lam viec do do ban khong nen lam tro nhu thuong lam a Anh va My khi lan dau tien gap mat moi nguoi

  1. A

6 day co danh tu change (su thay doi) phia sau, nen ta can mot tinh tu de bo sung y nghia cho danh tu Sudden: dot ngot

Ho khong thich su gian doan hoac thay doi dot ngot ke hoach

  1. D

Sau other thuong la danh tu so nhieu => A loai

Others = other + danh tu so nhieu, do do sau others khong co danh tu => B loai

Su dung another + N khi chi noi ve 2 danh tu, va danh tu do da duoc nhac den a truoc => C loai

Bap an D

  1. A

Focus on st: tap trung vao cai gi

Dich: Neu ban dua ra mot bai thuyet trinh, ban nen tap trung vao cac du kien va thong tin ky thuat va chat luong san pham cua cong ty ban.

  1. C

Unless (= if not): tru khi As: nhu la, boi vi Since: boi vi, ke tu If only = wish

Dich: Dong nghiep thuong su dung ho, va chuc danh – vi du ‘Bac si’ hoac ‘Giao su’, vi vay ban khong nen su dung ten rieng, tru khi mot nguoi yeu cau ban.

  1. C

Mitigate: giam nhe, lam diu bot

Vi vay no thuoc ve nhom allay, alleviate, reduce (nhung tu nay dong y nghia la giam bot, lam diu di) exacerbate, aggravate, intensify: lam cho tram trong te hai hon obliterate, destroy, annihilate: tan pha, xoa sach absorb, intake, consume: ngam vao, hap thu

  1. A

Trong doan 2 co viet:

Parks also make cities cooler. Scientists have long noted what is called the Urban Heat Island Effect: building materials such as metal, concrete, and asphalt absorb much more of the sun’s heat and release it much more quickly than organic surfaces like trees and grass.

Cong vien lam thanh pho mat hon… Xay dung bang kim loai, be tong, nhua duong va hap thu nhieu nhiet tu mat troi va xa nhanh hon nhieu so voi be mat huu co nhu cay coi va co.

=> Day la mot huong dan khien chung ta co the suy luan: thanh pho se mat hon neu co vuon tren san thuong

  1. D

Thong tin o 2 cau dau cua doan 3:

Unfortunately, many cities cannot easily create more parks because most land is already being used for buildings, roads, parking lots, and other essential parts of the urban environment. However, cities could benefit from many of the positive effects of parks by encouraging citizens to create another type of green space: rooftop gardens.

That khong may, nhieu thanh pho khong the de dang tao ra nhieu cong vien hon vi hau het dat dai da duoc su dung cho cac toa nha, duong giao thong, bai dau xe, va cac bo phan quan trong khac cua moi truong do thi.

Tuy nhien, cac thanh pho co the huong loi tu nhieu tac dung tich cuc cua cong vien bang cach khuyen khich cong dan tao ra mot loai khong gian xanh: vuon thuong.

=> cong vien chiem nhieu dien tich, trong khi do cac vuon thuong thi ko nhu vay

  1. A

Cac dap an B, C, D deu dugc nhac den a doan cuoi:

  • In the summer, rooftop gardens prevent buildings from absorbing heat from the sun, which can significantly reduce cooling bills. In the winter, gardens help hold in the heat that materials like brick and concrete radiate so quickly, leading to savings on heating bills.
  • Rooftop vegetable and herb gardens can also provide fresh food for city dwellers
  • Like parks, rooftop gardens help to replace carbon dioxide in the air with nourishing oxygen.

Chi co A la khong dugc nhac den

  1. C

Thong tin a cau dau tien cua doan cuoi:

Rooftop gardens provide many of the same benefits as other urban park and garden spaces, but without taking up the much-needed land.

khu vuon thugng cung cap nhieu lgi mh tuong tu nhu khong gian do thi va khu vuon khac, nhung ma khong chiem khu dat can thiet.

=> vuon thugng khong can chiem khu dat co gia tri

  1. C

Gigng van cua tac gia chi mang tinh cung cap thong tin (ve cong dung cua cong vien, ve vuon thugng, so sanh giua vuon thugng va cong vien….) chu khong he xen lan tinh cam ca nhan vao

  1. B

Tac gia se ung ho chuong trinh “extended discounts on plants to customers who use them to create rooftop gardens” Giam gia cay coi them cho khach hang su dung chung de tao vuon thugng

Bai vi tac gia da viet vuon thuong rat co lgi, mgi nguoi nen tao vuon thugng nhieu hon => do do tac gia chac han se rat ung ho chuong trinh giam gia cay coi, thuc vat cho khach hang

  1. D

Cac dap an A, B, C deu co trong doan 3:

  • The characters and the setting of Middle Earth were modeled after mythological stories from Greece and Northern Europe.
  • The novels, which are set in a time called Middle Earth, describe a detailed fantasy world.
  • The main plot describes the struggle between good and evil kingdom as they try to acquire a magic ring that has the power to rule the world.

Chi co phan D la khong dung

  1. A

“scrutinized” ~ examined: xem xet ky luong, nghien cuu can than

Although readers have scrutinized the texts for inner meaning and have tried to connect the trilogy with Tolkien’s real life experiences in England during World War II, he denied the connection.

Mac du doc gia da xem xet ky luong cac van ban cho y nghia ben trong va da co gang de ket noi bo ba voi nhung kinh nghiem thuc te doi song cua Tolkien o Anh trong The chien II, ong phu nhan moi lien ket do

  1. C

Thong tin ngay cau dau da giup ta biet duoc noi dung chinh cua bai viet:

One of the most interesting authors of the twentieth century, J.R.R Tolkien, achieved fame through his highly inventive trilogy, The Lord of the Rings.

Mot trong nhung tac gia thu vi nhat cua the ky XX, J.R.R Tolkien, dat duoc danh tieng qua bo ba tac pham rat sang tao cua minh, Chua te cua nhung chiec nhan.

=> Bai viet noi ve J.R.R Tolkien va bo ba tac pham cua ong

  1. A

Thong tin o cau cuoi cua doan 2:

By the late 1960s, this fascinating trilogy had become a sociological phenomenon as young people intently studied the mythology and legends created by Tolkien.

Vao cuoi nhung nam 1960, bo ba tac pham hap dan nay da tro thanh mot hien tuong xa hoi vi dunhu la nhung nguoi tre tuoi cham chu nghien cuu cac than thoai va truyen thuyet duoc tao ra boi Tolkien.

  1. A

Thong tin o cau thu 2 cua doan cuoi:

He claims that the story began in his years as an undergraduate student

Ong khang dinh rang cau chuyen bat dau trong nhung nam sinh vien dai hoc cua ong

  1. C

“trilogy”: tac pham bo ba

Vay y nghia cua no duoc giai thich la A group of three literary books: Mot nhom ba cuon sach van hoc

  1. D

Thong tin o doan 3:

The novels, which are set in a time called Middle Earth

Bo tieu thuyet, duoc dat trong mot thoi gian goi la vung Trung Dia

  1. B

“fascinating” ~ extremely interesting: cuc ky thu vi, cuon hut, hap dan

By the late 1960s, this fascinating trilogy had become a sociological phenomenon as young people intently studied the mythology and legends created by Tolkien.

Vao cuoi nhung nam 1960, bo ba tac pham hap dan nay da tro thanh mot hien tuong xa hoi vi du nhu la nhung nguoi tre tuoi cham chu nghien cuu cac than thoai va truyen thuyet duoc tao ra boi Tolkien.

 

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Trên đây là “12 Đề thi thử Tiếng Anh năm 2018 đánh giá năng lực có đáp án giải thích chi tiết – cô Mai Phương” mà Thích Tiếng Anh tổng hợp được. Chia sẻ bài viết để mọi người cùng học nhé!

 

12 Đề thi thử Tiếng Anh năm 2018 đánh giá năng lực có đáp án giải thích chi tiết – cô Mai Phương
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