Đề thi thử Tiếng Anh năm 2019 do Sở GD-ĐT tỉnh Nam Định tổ chức thi tháng 5, đề thi có đáp án tham khảo.
Trích từ đề thi
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 8.
Early people had no need of engineering works to supply their water. Hunters and nomads camped near natural sources of fresh water, and populations were so sparse the pollution of the water supply was not a serious problem. After community life developed and agricultural villages became urban centers, the problem of supplying water became important for inhabitants of a city, as well as for irrigation of the farms surrounding the city. Irrigation works were known in prehistoric times, and before 2000 BC the rulers of Babylonia and Egypt constructed systems of dams and canals to “impound” the flood waters of the Euphrates and Nile rivers, controlling floods and providing irrigation water throughout the dry season. Such irrigation canals also supplied water for domestic purposes. The first people to consider the sanitation of their water supply were the ancient Romans, who constructed vast system of aqueducts to bring the clean waters of the Apennine Mountains into the city and built basins and filters along these mains to ensure the clarity of the water. The constriction of such extensive water-supply systems declined when the Roman Empire “disintegrated”, and for several centuries local springs and wells formed the main source of domestic and industrial water.
The invention of the force pump in England in the middle of the 16th century greatly extended the possibilities of development of water-supply systems. In London, the first pumping waterworks was completed in 1562; it pumped river water to a reservoir about 37 m above the level of the River Thames and from the reservoir the water was distributed by gravity, through lead pipes, to buildings in the vicinity. Increased per-capita demand has coincided with water shortages in many countries. Southeast England, for example, receives only 14 per cent of Britain’s rainfall, has 30 percent of its population, and has experienced declining winter rainfall since the 1980s.
In recent years a great deal of interest has been shown in the conversion of seawater to fresh water to provide drinking water for very dry areas, such as the Middle East. Several different processes, including distillation, electro dialysis, reverse osmosis, and direct-freeze evaporation, have been developed for this purpose. Some of these processes have been used in large facilities in the United States. Although these processes are successful, the cost of treating seawater is much higher than “that” for treating fresh water.
(From A, Briggs’ article on culture, Microsoft® Student 2008)
Question 1: What does the passage mainly discuss?
- the water pumping system B. the fresh water shortage
- the results of water shortages D. the development of water supply
Question 2: Early peoples didn’t need water supply engineering works because______
- they had good ways to irrigate their farms
- their community life had already developed
- there was almost no dry season in prehistoric times
- natural sources of fresh water near by were always available
Question 3: The word “impound” in paragraph 1 is closet in meaning to ______
- supply B. irrigate C. provide D. drain
Question 4: Clean water supply was first taken into consideration by _________
- the US people B. the English people
- the ancient Romans D. the Egyptians
Question 5: The word “disintegrated” in paragraph 1 is closet in meaning to________
- emerged B. failed C. distorted D. thrived
Question 6: According to the passage, which of the following can be inferred about London’s
water supply in the middle of the 16th century?
- It was facilitated since the advent of the force pump.
- It contributed to the River Thames’ flow considerably.
- It was conducted through canals.
- It circulated throughout the buildings.
Question 7: Which of the following is NOT mentioned as 2 process of conversing seawater to
- purification method B. dissolving chemicals
- water evaporation D. streaming and cooling
Question 8: The word “that” in the last paragraph refers to ________
- the cost B. treating seawater
- the United States D. this purpose