Cập nhật đề thi thử năm 2019, Thích Tiếng Anh cập nhật đề thi do trường THPT Hoàng Quốc Việt tổ chức thi năm 2019 môn Tiếng Anh. Đề thi có đáp án tham khảo, các bạn tải về ôn tập ngữ pháp, kĩ năng làm bài nhé!
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Trích từ đề thi
Animals have an intuitive awareness of quantities. They know without analysis the difference between a number of objects and a smaller number. In his book “The natural History of Selboure” (1786), the naturalist Gilbert White tells how he surreptitiously removed one egg a day from a plover’s nest , and how the mother laid another egg each day to make up for the missing one. He noted that other species of birds ignore the absence of a single egg but abandon their nests if more than one egg has been removed. It has also been noted by naturalists that a certain type of wasp always provides five – never four, never six – caterpillars for each of their eggs so that their young have something to eat when the eggs hatch. Research has also shown that both mice and pigeons can be taught to distinguish between odd and even numbers of food pieces.
These and similar accounts have led some people to infer that creatures other than humans can actually count. They also point to dogs that have been taught to respond to numerical questions with the correct number of barks, or to horses that seem to solve arithmetic problems by stomping their hooves the proper number of times.
Animals respond to quantities only when they are connected to survival as a species – as in the case of the eggs – or survival as individuals – as in the case of food. There is no transfer to other situations or from concrete reality to the abstract notion of numbers. Animals can “count” only when the objects are present and only when the numbers involved are small – not more than seven or eight. In lab experiments, animals trained to “count” one kind of object were unable to count any other type. The objects, not the numbers, are what interest them. Animals admittedly remarkable achievements simply do not amount to evidence of counting, nor do they reveal more than innate instincts, refined by the genes of successive generations, or the results of clever, careful conditioning by trainers.
Question 01: What is the main idea of this passage?
- Although animals may be aware of quantities, they cannot actually
- Of all animals, dogs and horses can count
- Careful training is required to teach animals to perform tricks involving numbers
- Animals cannot “count” more than one kind of
Question 02: Why does the author refer to Gilbert White’s book in line 2?
- To indicate that more research is needed in this
- To show how attitudes have changed since1786.
- To provide evidence that some birds are aware of
- To contradict the idea that animals can
Question 03: The word “surreptitiously” is closest in meaning to .
- A. quickly B. occasionally C. stubbornly secretly
Question 04: The word “odd” refers to which of the following?
- A. numbers such as 1, 3, 5 and so on B. lucky numbers
- C. numbers such as 2, 4, 6 and so on D. unusual numbers
Question 05: The author mentions that all of the following are aware of quantities in some ways EXCEPT__________.
- A. wasps B. Plovers C. Caterpillars D. mice
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 6: Jack: “I’m very sorry for letting you wait for so long.” – Peter: “____________”
- A. It’s doesn’t matter. Thank B. You’re welcome.
- C. My pleasure. Don’t worry about it. D. Don’t apologize. I’ve just arrived
Question 7: Johnson: ” Would you like me to send this package for you? – Michelle: “ _________”
- A. That would be nice. Any problems? B. No thanks, I’m very
- C. Yes, please, if you don’t D. I’m sorry, but here you are.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 08: A. blamed B. misused C. dissolved D. increased
Question 09: A. fought B. source C. odour D. pour
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 10: Ancient people used pot for cooking, storing food, and carrying things from place to place.
- A. pot B. cooking C. carrying D. from
Question 11: Chemical engineering is based on the principles of physics, chemists, and mathematics.
- A. on B. principles C. chemists D. mathematics
Question 12: David is particularly fond of cooking, and he often cooks really delicious meals.
- A. particularly B. cooking C. often cooks D. really
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 13: As a newspaper reporter, she always wanted to get information at first hand.
- A. indirectly B. easily C. slowly D. directly
Question 14: The loss of his journals had caused him even more sorrow than his retirement from the military six years earlier.
- A. grief B. sympathy C. comfort D. joy
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
|Question 15: A. competent||B. computer||C. compliance||D. commuter|
|Question 16: A. employ||B. evoke||C. powder||D. immune|
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages in streaming pupils. It does not take into account the fact that children develop at different rates. It can have a bad effect on both the bright and the not-so-bright child. After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade!
Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This is only one aspect of their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed- ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning.
In our classroom, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups; this gives them the opportunity to learn to co-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learn how to cope with the personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teachers.
Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes the work on individual tasks and assignments, they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this effectively. An advanced pupil can do advanced works; it does not matter what age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal.
Question 17: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
- Group work gives pupils the opportunity to learn to work together with others
- Pupils also learn how to participate in teaching activities
- Group work provides the pupils with the opportunity to learn to be capable organizers
- Pupils also learn to develop their reasoning ability
Question 18: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
- It’s not good for a bright child to find out that he performs worst in a mixed-ability class
- There is nofixed method in teaching pupils to develop themselves to the full
- Development of pupils as individuals is not the aim of group work
- Pupils cannot develop in the best way if they are streamed into classes of different intellectual abilities
Question 19: According to the passage, which of the following is an advantage of mixed-ability teaching?
- A pupil can be at the bottom of a
- Formal class teaching is the important way to give pupils essential skills such as those to be used in the
- Pupils can be hindered from an all-round develop
- Pupils as individuals always have the opportunities to work on their
Question 20: According to the passage, “streaming pupils“ .
- is the act of putting pupils into class according to their academic abilities
- aims at enriching both their knowledge and experience
- will help the pupils learn best
- is quite discouraging
Question 21: According to the author, mixed-ability teaching is more preferable because .
- children can learn to work with each other to solve personal problems
- it doesn’t have disadvantages as in streaming pupils
- formal class teaching is appropriate
- its aim at developing the children’s total personality
Question 22: The phrase “held back” in paragraph 1 means .
- A. forced to study in lower class B. made to lag behind
- C. prevented from advancing D. made to remain in the same classes
Question 23: The author’s purpose of writing this passage is to .
- recommend pair work and group work classroom activities
- emphasize the importance of appropriate formal classroom teaching
- offer advice on the proper use of the school library
- argue for teaching bright and not-so-bright pupils in the same class
Question 24: The author argues that a teacher’s chief concern should be the development of the pupils’ _________.
- A. learning ability and communicative skills B. personal and social skills
- C. total personality D. intellectual abilities