Trích từ đề thi
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions
Question 1. A. emergency B. corruption C. fashionable D. detergent Question 2. A. executive B. opposite C. customer D. supervisor
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
The development of genetically modified (GM) plants and animals had led to a huge global controversy. Opponents say that GM “Franken foods” are a threat to our well-being, and proponents say that the risks are minimal. There is one aspect of the war over GM that is often overlooked. Anyone who wears a cotton shirt these days is using a GM crop. Cotton is the only major non-food GM crop at present, but others are coming.
GM cotton plants that is not food has not stopped the most passionate GM opponents from objecting. If GM cotton is grown in a field next to fields of non-GM cotton, they argue, then how to keep genes from being transferred from field to field. This danger, however, is not as compelling to the public as possible health hazards in food, so there is no great fury over GM cotton.
GM cotton seeds produce higher yields, and they do without the need for pesticides. Planting of GM cotton has increased five fold since 1997; three-quarter of cotton in America, and over half in China, is now GM. Farmers like it because it increases their profits.
Other options for non-food GM include new variety of flowers with different colors or scents, tougher grasses for lawns, and plants designed to soak up pollutants from the soil. The paper industry provides another example of potential for GM to help produce better and cheaper products. Paper is made from pulp, and pulp is generally made from trees. Researchers in New Zealand and Chile have been working on insect-resistant pines, and a Japanese firm has combined carrot genes with tree genes to make them grow better in poor soil.
Another interesting case is that of tobacco. It is not food crop, but it is consumed, and GM tobacco plants with both more and less nicotine have been created. The tobacco plant, however, is an ideal target for GM, since its genetics are very well understood and it produces a lot of leaves. The value of the drugs that could be produced by GM tobacco is so high, many farmers could switch from growing tobacco for
cigarettes to growing it for medicine. Since medical cost is rising, consumers would also be happy to use drugs produced in bulk by GM tobacco.
Question 3. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
- There are several major non-food GM products at
- GM cotton has no significant advantage over controversial
- There have been no objection to GM
- GM cotton is less controversial than other GM
Question 4. The word “compelling” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to
- dangerous B. obvious C. interesting D. annoying
Question 5. It can be inferred from the passage that GM tobacco .
- can have lower or higher levels of
- produces drugs that are very
- makes cigarettes harmless to
- is already in the
Question 6. According to the passage, why are researchers developing GM trees?
- To improve or make paper less expensive. B. To find a way to make paper without pulp.
- To produce more fruit. D. To replace trees cut down for paper.
Question 7. Why does the author mention a cotton shirt in paragraph 1?
- To show that cotton is one of the most popular materials for clothing
- To show that the risk of GM products are
- To give an example of a common GM product that is not a
- To give an example of a controversy surrounding GM
Question 8. Which options for non-food GM is NOT mentioned in the passage?
- grass B. rubber C. tobacco D. flowers
Question 9. What is the topic of the paragraph?
- The hazards of GM products. B. Controversial GM products.
- Non-food GM products. D. GM cotton and tobacco.
Question 10. The word “that” in paragraph 1 refers to .
- aspect B. GM C. war D. risk
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 11. Susan will be ready any minute, and then we must leave.
- We must leave as soon as Susan will be
- We must leave the moment Susan must be ready
- We must leave as soon as Susan is
- We will leave any minute when Susan will be
Question 12. “Please, let my child go!” she begged the kidnapper.
- She begged the kidnapper to let her child to
- She pleaded with the kidnapper to release her
- She solemnly ordered the kidnapper to set her child
- She pleaded the kidnapper to let her child
Question 13. I expect you were fully satisfied with the results by the end of the display.
- You were fully satisfied when the display came to an
- By the end of the display you must have been quite
- You must be completely satisfied with the results by the end of the
- By the end of the display you must have been fully
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 14. You have to finish this work. You don’t want to do it though.
- Although you have to finish this work, you should want to do
- As you don’t feel like doing this work, you have to finish
- You have to finish this work, however much you don’t feel like doing
- Unless you want to do it, you don’t have to finish this
Question 15. She fell over in the last minutes. She didn’t win the race.
- If she didn’t fall over in the last minutes, she would win the
- She didn’t win the race even though she fell over in the last minutes
- Not having won the race, she fell over in the last minutes